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Reasons for Refusing Cataract Surgery in Illiterate Individuals in a Tribal Area of Andhra Pradesh, India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24742058     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Purpose: To assess the reasons for refusing cataract surgery in illiterate individuals in a tribal area of India. Methods: A prospective study evaluated 1046 subjects who had undergone screening in eye camps and included 398 of 492 referred subjects with cataract who refused to seek cataract surgery. Subjects were assessed to elicit general and specific reasons for non-compliance. Multiple logistic regression analysis was applied to determine the associations; p < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Overall, 83% (329/398) of subjects reported that they could manage with their current vision. The five most common reasons they did not proceed with cataract surgery were: fear of losing current vision, work priority, lack of support systems, a dependency due to old age, and expenses required after surgery. Odds of seeking treatment were lower among unemployed subjects (odds ratio, OR, 0.4, 95% confidence interval, CI, 0.19-0.86; p = 0.01) and in patients with family income <1000 Indian rupees per month (OR 0.5, 95% CI 0.34-0.94; p = 0.02), and higher among those unilaterally blind (OR 10.8, 95% CI 3.3-35.6; p ≤ 0.01). Conclusion: In a tribal setting, 83% of individuals referred for cataract surgery did not proceed with surgery. Reasons given for non-compliance were not directly related to the surgery but focused on valid day-to-day difficulties anticipated to increase following surgery. Beyond accessibility and cost of surgery, other social and infrastructural factors need to be addressed to increase the uptake of cataract surgery.
Authors:
Vilas Kovai; B V M Prasadarao; Prakash Paudel; Fiona Stapleton; David Wilson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-4-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ophthalmic epidemiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1744-5086     ISO Abbreviation:  Ophthalmic Epidemiol     Publication Date:  2014 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-4-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9435674     Medline TA:  Ophthalmic Epidemiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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