Document Detail


Reappraisal of linoleic acid requirement of the young infant, with particular regard to use of modified cows' milk formulae.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  569468     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Most infants in the UK are bottle fed with cows' milk formulae that are alleged to provide less than the minimum requirement for linoleic acid, i.e. 1% of the total dietary energy. 20 term infants fed solely on a modified cows' milk formula that provided 0.55% of the energy from linoleic acid were therefore examined for evidence of deficiency. Rates of growth in length and weight, measured during the first 3 months of life, were identical with those of 20 wholly breast-fed infants. Voluntary food intakes (kcal/kg per day) followed the normal pattern. The fatty acid composition of the plasma lipids showed changes characteristic of a low intake of linoleic acid, but triene:tetraene ratios did not indicate a deficiency state, and clinical signs of deficiency were not observed. These findings suggest that the requirement for linoleic acid is substantially less than was formerly believed. The small amount of alpha-linolenic acid present in cows' milk may however exert a sparing effect on linoleic acid.
Authors:
D J Naismith; S P Deeprose; G Supramaniam; M J Williams
Related Documents :
1029818 - Influence of litter size on lipid composition in infant mice.
6826508 - Treatment of freshly harvested 1980 georgia dent corn samples collected for aflatoxin a...
7572708 - Effect of dietary triacylglycerol fatty acid positional distribution on plasma lipid cl...
19757408 - Implication of agathic acid from utah juniper bark as an abortifacient compound in cattle.
6679508 - Recovery of acetylsalicylic acid and indalpine (lm 5008) after buccal partitioning.
12487318 - Use of hydrochloric acid for determinining solid-phase arsenic partitioning in sulfidic...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of disease in childhood     Volume:  53     ISSN:  1468-2044     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch. Dis. Child.     Publication Date:  1978 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1979-02-26     Completed Date:  1979-02-26     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372434     Medline TA:  Arch Dis Child     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  845-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Breast Feeding
Cattle
Energy Metabolism
Fatty Acids / blood
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant Food* / analysis
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Infant, Newborn
Linoleic Acids* / analysis
Male
Milk* / analysis
Nutritional Requirements
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fatty Acids; 0/Linoleic Acids
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Comparison of four agar plating media with and without added novobiocin for isolation of salmonellae...
Next Document:  Faecal excretion of oligosaccharides and other carbohydrates in normal neonates.