Document Detail

Real-time intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography--how useful? Experience of 5,016 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9854658     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) as an intraoperative monitoring modality and to assess its safety, reliability, and overall utility in real-time use during cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, observational cohort study performed from January 1993 to June 1997. SETTING: Operating room of a tertiary care hospital for cardiology and cardiovascular surgery. PARTICIPANTS: Five thousand and sixteen adult patients with acquired heart disease, who underwent 1,356 valve procedures and 3,660 coronary artery bypass graftings (CABGs). INTERVENTIONS: All patients were monitored with radial artery and pulmonary artery catheters, along with continuous TEE monitoring with a multiplane transducer. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Prebypass imaging yielded unsuspected findings that either helped or modified the surgical plan in 158 of 1,356 valve procedures (11.65%) and in 993 of 3,660 CABGs (27.13%). There were 3,217 TEE-guided hemodynamic interventions in 944 patients (25.79%) in the CABG group and 629 in 142 patients (10.47%) in the valve group. TEE was the sole guiding factor in initiating therapy in 23.53% of events, whereas it was supportive to other monitoring modalities in 76.46% of events. Postbypass TEE identified the need for graft revision in 29 patients (0.8%), intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) requirement in 29 patients (0.8%), and inadequate valve repair in 28 patients (2.08%). For the entire series, 38.78% of patients benefited from prebypass and 39.16% from postbypass use of TEE. There were no complications attributable to the use of TEE in the entire series. There was 87% concordance between online interpretation by a trained anesthesiologist and offline analysis by a cardiologist. CONCLUSION: Intraoperative TEE is useful in formulating the surgical plan, guiding various hemodynamic interventions, and assessing the immediate results of surgery. It is safe and the results are reliable in the hands of trained anesthesiologists.
M Mishra; R Chauhan; K K Sharma; A Dhar; M Bhise; S Dhole; A Omar; R R Kasliwal; N Trehan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1053-0770     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cardiothorac. Vasc. Anesth.     Publication Date:  1998 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1999-02-25     Completed Date:  1999-02-25     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9110208     Medline TA:  J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  625-32     Citation Subset:  IM    
Escorts Heart Institute and Research Centre, New Delhi, India.
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MeSH Terms
Cardiac Surgical Procedures*
Coronary Artery Bypass
Echocardiography, Transesophageal*
Heart Valves / surgery
Middle Aged
Monitoring, Intraoperative*
Prospective Studies

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