Document Detail

Real-time 3-dimensional echocardiographic imaging of congenital heart disease using matrix-array technology: freehand real-time scanning adds instant morphologic details not well delineated by conventional 2-dimensional imaging.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16455415     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: We sought to investigate whether real-time (RT) 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT3D) using matrix-array technology could resolve a specific morphologic detail that could not be well resolved during conventional 2-dimensional (2D)/Doppler echocardiographic imaging of congenital heart disease. BACKGROUND: Although 2D echocardiography is currently the primary imaging modality of congenital heart disease, there are still some anatomic details that cannot be well delineated by that modality. METHODS: In all, 70 patients underwent RT3D examination using matrix-array transducer. Applying the standard sweeping technique as for 2D imaging, freehand RT imaging was used for immediate feedback. The 2D examinations of the last 23 consecutive patients were used to validate the additional value of RT3D by 3 examiners blinded to the findings of RT3D. RESULTS: The adequacy of 2D imaging to resolve the morphologic detail in question ranged from 30% to 70%, whereas RT3D imaging was considered successful in delineating the morphologic detail in 80% to 100% of patients instantly. The image resolution was superior or equivalent to that obtained by 2D imaging. Heart valves, septal defects, and volumetric valvular and vascular color flow morphologies were well delineated by RT3D. CONCLUSION: Matrix-array RT3D is a significant breakthrough technology that allowed instant visualization of cardiac anatomic details that could not be well delineated by 2D imaging. Further improvements of some technical limitations should make RT3D matrix-array cardiac imaging a significant modality in the field of echocardiographic imaging of congenital cardiac anomalies.
Mohamed A Seliem; Anysia Fedec; Meryl S Cohen; Stanford Ewing; Paul E Farrell; Jack Rychik; Amy H Schultz; J William Gaynor; Thomas L Spray
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1097-6795     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-03     Completed Date:  2006-04-26     Revised Date:  2007-11-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8801388     Medline TA:  J Am Soc Echocardiogr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  121-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Cardiac Center, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Biotechnology / methods
Child, Preschool
Computer Systems
Echocardiography, Doppler / methods
Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional / methods*
Heart Defects, Congenital / ultrasonography*
Image Enhancement / methods*
Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods*
Infant, Newborn
Reproducibility of Results
Sensitivity and Specificity
Technology Assessment, Biomedical

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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