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Is Real Time Contrast Echocardiography Useful for Assessment of the Right Ventricular Morphology, Function, and Perfusion?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25418507     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Contrast-enhanced echocardiography (CE) is recommended to assess left ventricular function and perfusion but is rarely used to assess the right ventricle (RV). We used CE to assess RV function and perfusion and evaluated whether RV perfusion defects varied in different patient groups with RV failure due to pressure overload.
METHODS: We studied 17 patients with acute pulmonary embolism (PE), 19 patients with chronic pulmonary arterial hypertension (CPH), and 7 healthy volunteers. The examination included RV opacification (RVO) and myocardial CE. RV end-diastolic area (RVEDA), RV end-systolic area (RVESA), fractional area change (FAC), and wall-motion score index (WMSI) were assessed before and after contrast agent administration. Perfusion was evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively.
RESULTS: RVEDA, RVESA, FAC, and regional contractility were comparable before and after contrast agent injection. Significant perfusion defects were seen in PE and CPH (18/39 segments and 37/51 segments, respectively, vs. 0/21 segments in healthy volunteers; P < 0.0001). Wall-perfusion score index (WPSI) was higher in PE and CPH compared to healthy volunteers (1.5 ± 0.3 and 1.8 ± 0.4 vs. 1.0 ± 0.0; P = 0.02 and P = 0.0003, respectively). Linear correlations were noted between WMSI, FAC and WPSI (r = 0.5, P = 0.014 and r = -0.55, P = 0.005, respectively). Quantitative perfusion assessment revealed perfusion defects in the apical segment in the PE group. The mean region of interest value was insignificantly reduced in PE and CPH groups.
CONCLUSION: Contrast-enhanced echocardiography is feasible and may be useful for RVO and perfusion assessment in patients with RV dysfunction due to systolic overload. The SonoVue contrast agent was well tolerated by stable patients with PE and CPH.
Authors:
Marta Kamińska; Bożena Sobkowicz; Robert Sawicki; Janina Lewkowicz; Anna Tomaszuk-Kazberuk; Renata Glińska; Włodzimierz J Musiał
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Echocardiography (Mount Kisco, N.Y.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8175     ISO Abbreviation:  Echocardiography     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511187     Medline TA:  Echocardiography     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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