Document Detail


Reading comprehension in children with ADHD: cognitive underpinnings of the centrality deficit.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23054132     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We examined reading comprehension in children with ADHD by assessing their ability to build a coherent mental representation that allows them to recall central and peripheral information. We compared children with ADHD (mean age 9.78) to word reading-matched controls (mean age 9.89) on their ability to retell a passage. We found that even though children with ADHD recalled more central than peripheral information, they showed their greatest deficit, relative to controls, on central information-a centrality deficit (Miller and Keenan, Annals of Dyslexia 59:99-113, 2009). We explored the cognitive underpinnings of this deficit using regressions to compare how well cognitive factors (working memory, inhibition, processing speed, and IQ) predicted the ability to recall central information, after controlling for word reading ability, and whether these cognitive factors interacted with ADHD symptoms. Working memory accounted for the most unique variance. Although previous evidence for reading comprehension difficulties in children with ADHD have been mixed, this study suggests that even when word reading ability is controlled, children with ADHD have difficulty building a coherent mental representation, and this difficulty is likely related to deficits in working memory.
Authors:
Amanda C Miller; Janice M Keenan; Rebecca S Betjemann; Erik G Willcutt; Bruce F Pennington; Richard K Olson
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of abnormal child psychology     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1573-2835     ISO Abbreviation:  J Abnorm Child Psychol     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-03-18     Completed Date:  2013-09-11     Revised Date:  2014-04-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364547     Medline TA:  J Abnorm Child Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  473-83     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity / psychology*
Child
Cognition Disorders / psychology*
Comprehension*
Female
Humans
Inhibition (Psychology)
Male
Memory, Short-Term
Reading*
Regression Analysis
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD27802/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; P50 HD027802/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD038526/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD068728/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections

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