Document Detail

Readability of patient information can be improved.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22549485     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: The number of participants in medical experiments has declined and consent often rests on perilous ground because the participant information sheet (PIS) on which informed consent rests preserves identification with the expert environment. This study explores to which extent research ethics committee (REC) members appreciate this problem.
METHODS: A retrospective analysis of ten REC applications were subjected to a naïve reading followed by structural analysis to generate themes and subthemes to guide structured REC member focusgroup interviews. This analysis informed a prospective survey where REC members registered terms and phrases posing comprehension barriers to lay receivers.
RESULTS: Main barriers of comprehension were aspects of contents presentation and specialised terminology. Problematic terms centred mainly on epidemiology, design, descriptive and topographic anatomy and physiology, diagnostic procedures and medicines. Contents problems centred on irrelevant and superfluous information and poor presentation.
CONCLUSION: The language, structure and format of the PIS should be improved. Avoiding technical jargon or explaining it when it is used, using more common words when they are available and a clearer structure were identified as potential targets of intervention.
FUNDING: not relevant.
Morten Pilegaard; Hanne Berg Ravn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Danish medical journal     Volume:  59     ISSN:  2245-1919     ISO Abbreviation:  Dan Med J     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-02     Completed Date:  2012-08-27     Revised Date:  2012-09-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101576205     Medline TA:  Dan Med J     Country:  Denmark    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  A4408     Citation Subset:  IM    
Business and Social Science, Aarhus Universitet, Aarhus, Denmark.
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MeSH Terms
Communication Barriers*
Comprehension* / ethics
Consent Forms / ethics,  standards*
Ethical Review*
Ethics Committees, Research
Focus Groups
Prospective Studies
Retrospective Studies
Terminology as Topic*

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