Document Detail

Reactive oxygen species target specific tryptophan site in the mitochondrial ATP synthase.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22133636     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
The release of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as side products of aerobic metabolism in the mitochondria is an unavoidable consequence. As the capacity of organisms to deal with this exposure declines with age, accumulation of molecular damage caused by ROS has been defined as one of the central events during the ageing process in biological systems as well as in numerous diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Dementia. In the filamentous fungus Podospora anserina, an ageing model with a clear defined mitochondrial etiology of ageing, in addition to the mitochondrial aconitase the ATP synthase alpha subunit was defined recently as a hot spot for oxidative modifications induced by ROS. In this report we show, that this reactivity is not randomly distributed over the ATP Synthase, but is channeled to a single tryptophan residue 503. This residue serves as an intra-molecular quencher for oxidative species and might also be involved in the metabolic perception of oxidative stress or regulation of enzyme activity. A putative metal binding site in the proximity of this tryptophan residue appears to be crucial for the molecular mechanism for the selective targeting of oxidative damage.
Sascha Rexroth; Ansgar Poetsch; Matthias Rögner; Andrea Hamann; Alexandra Werner; Heinz D Osiewacz; Eva R Schäfer; Holger Seelert; Norbert A Dencher
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biochimica et biophysica acta     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0006-3002     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217513     Medline TA:  Biochim Biophys Acta     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Plant Biochemistry, Faculty of Biology & Biotechnology, Ruhr University Bochum, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
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