Document Detail


Reaching young adult smokers through the internet: comparison of three recruitment mechanisms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20530194     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: While young adults have the highest prevalence of cigarette smoking of any adult age group, studies of tobacco and other substance use have reported challenges in recruiting this age group. The Internet may be a useful tool for reaching young adult smokers. The present study compared three Internet-based recruitment methods for young adult smokers to complete a survey about tobacco and other substance use: Craigslist advertisements, other Internet advertisements, and E-mail invitations through a survey sampling service.
METHODS: Recruitment campaigns invited young adults aged 18-25 years who had smoked at least one cigarette in the past 30 days to complete an online survey. Recruitment methods were compared across recruitment numbers, costeffectiveness, and demographic and smoking characteristics of recruited participants.
RESULTS: In 6 months, 920 people gave online consent to determine eligibility to complete the survey, of which 336 (36.5%) were eligible, and 201 (59.8%) completed the survey. While Internet advertisements yielded the largest proportion of recruited participants and completed surveys overall, Craigslist and sampling strategies were more successful at targeting young adult smokers who went on to complete the survey and were more costeffective. Participants differed in demographic and substance use characteristics across the three recruitment mechanisms.
DISCUSSION: We identified success at reaching young adults who have smoked cigarettes recently through the Internet, though costs, participant eligibility, proportion of completed surveys, and respondent characteristics differed among the three methods. A multipronged approach to Internet recruitment is most likely to generate a broad diverse sample of young adult smokers.
Authors:
Danielle E Ramo; Sharon M Hall; Judith J Prochaska
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-06-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1469-994X     ISO Abbreviation:  Nicotine Tob. Res.     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-29     Completed Date:  2010-10-18     Revised Date:  2014-03-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815751     Medline TA:  Nicotine Tob Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  768-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Advertising as Topic / statistics & numerical data*
Data Collection / statistics & numerical data
Electronic Mail / statistics & numerical data*
Female
Health Promotion / statistics & numerical data*
Humans
Internet / statistics & numerical data*
Male
Patient Selection
Program Evaluation
Smoking / epidemiology*
Social Marketing
United States
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
K23 DA018691/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; P50 DA009253/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; P50 DA09253/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; R01 MH083684/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH083684/MH/NIMH NIH HHS
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