Document Detail

Re-interventions on the autograft and the homograft after the Ross operation in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20034806     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
BACKGROUND: For children who require aortic valve replacement, the pulmonary autograft may be the ideal substitute. However, re-operations for conduit exchange in the pulmonary position are inevitable. In addition, re-operations on the autograft may be necessary due to dilatation and neo-aortic insufficiency. We sought to assess predictors for re-intervention in an international Ross-operated paediatric population.
METHODS: Data of 152 children below 16 years of age at the time of the Ross operation were analysed using Cox proportional hazard modelling. Mean follow-up time was 6.1+/-4.2 years.
RESULTS: The median age at the time of the Ross operation was 10.1 years (range 54 days to 15 years). Early mortality was 2.6%. Survival at 5 and 10 years was 93.9+/-2.0% and 90.4+/-3.1%, respectively. Seven patients required autograft re-intervention (explantation n=6 and reconstruction n=1). Freedom from autograft re-intervention at 5 and 10 years was 99.3+/-0.7% and 95.5+/-2.7%, respectively. Prior endocarditis (p=0.061), prior aortic regurgitation (p=0.061) and longer follow-up time (p=0.036) emerged as risk factors for autograft re-intervention. Seventeen patients required 36 conduit re-interventions (replacement n=16, percutaneous valvuloplasty n=10). Freedom from conduit re-intervention at 5 and 10 years was 89.3+/-2.9% and 79.6+/-6.1%, respectively. Implantation of an aortic homograft (p=0.013), and smaller conduit size (p=0.074) emerged as risk factors for conduit re-intervention.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a consistent need for conduit re-intervention following the Ross operation in children. Re-interventions on the autograft are rare within the first decade after surgery. However, the number of autograft re-interventions may increase after the first decade, since longer follow-up time is a risk factor for autograft failure.
Jürgen Hörer; Ulrich Stierle; Ad J J C Bogers; Joachim G Rein; Roland Hetzer; Hans H Sievers; Rüdiger Lange
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-01-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardio-thoracic surgery : official journal of the European Association for Cardio-thoracic Surgery     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1873-734X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804069     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiothorac Surg     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1008-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2009 European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, German Heart Center Munich at the Technical University, Lazarettstrasse 36, D-80636 Munich, Germany.
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