Document Detail


Re-entrant solidification in polymer-colloid mixtures as a consequence of competing entropic and enthalpic attractions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25326826     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In polymer-colloid mixtures, non-adsorbing polymers dispersed with much larger colloids provide a universal yet specific entropic attraction between the colloids. Such so-called depletion interaction arises from an osmotic-pressure imbalance caused by the polymers and is considered to be independent of temperature. Here we show that, for the most commonly used polymer-colloid depletion systems, the polymer undergoes a crossover from non-adsorbing to adsorbing and that, consequently, the effective colloidal interactions depend on temperature. We also find that a combination of the enthalpic (polymer bridging) and entropic (polymer exclusion) interactions, both attractive, leads to a re-entrant regime where the colloids are dispersed and form solids both on heating and on cooling. We provide a simple model to explain the observed transitions and to fill the theoretical gap at the polymer-adsorption crossover. Our findings open possibilities for colloidal self-assembly, the formation of colloidal crystals and glasses, and the behaviour of temperature-controlled viscoelastic materials.
Authors:
Lang Feng; Bezia Laderman; Stefano Sacanna; Paul Chaikin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-10-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nature materials     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-1122     ISO Abbreviation:  Nat Mater     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-10-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101155473     Medline TA:  Nat Mater     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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