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Rat Brain-Uptake Index for Phenylethylamine and Various Monomethylated Derivatives.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23389662     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Phenylethylamine and its monomethylated derivatives p-methylphenylethylamine, α-methylphenylethylamine, phenylethylamine itself, N-methylphenylethylamine, o-methylphenylethylamine, and β-methylphenylethylamine, readily cross the blood-brain barrier showing a brain-uptake index (%) ± SD (water considered 100 %), of 108 ± 11, 98 ± 14, 83 ± 6, 78 ± 11, 62 ± 7 and 56 ± 6, respectively (injection of tritiated water and 100 μg standard amine, which was measured by gas-liquid chromatography). Similar brain-uptake index values (determined by double isotope counting) were obtained for phenylethylamine and α-methylphenylethylamine (amphetamine) after the injection of tritiated water and C(14)-labeled amine (either 3 μg or when added 100 μg standard compound), suggesting that they entered the brain via passive diffusion. Accordingly, both amines distributed rather evenly in the various rat brain areas examined: uptake index (%) ± SD (double isotope counting; non-, and diluted labeled amine) for phenylethylamine (89 ± 8 and 78 ± 7, 83 ± 9 and 86 ± 9, 96 ± 6 and 84 ± 7) and for α-methylphenylethylamine (88 ± 11 and 87 ± 9, 93 ± 14 and 87 ± 11, 97 ± 12 and 87 ± 9) for the cerebellum, frontal cortex, and striatum, respectively. These results will aid a greater understanding of the pharmacological and behavioral effects observed after the administration of phenylethylamine and methylphenylethylamine derivatives.
Authors:
Aron D Mosnaim; Owen H Callaghan; Thomas Hudzik; Marion E Wolf
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neurochemical research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-6903     ISO Abbreviation:  Neurochem. Res.     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7613461     Medline TA:  Neurochem Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Neuroimmunopharmacology Laboratory, Department of Cellular and Molecular Pharmacology, The Chicago Medical School at Rosalind Franklin University of Medicine and Science, 3333 Green Bay Road, N. Chicago, IL, 60064, USA, Aron.Mosnaim@rosalindfranklin.edu.
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