Document Detail


Rat-1 fibroblasts engineered with GAD65 and GAD67 cDNAs in retroviral vectors produce and release GABA.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8336154     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We have used a retroviral cDNA expression system to drive the expression of the different forms of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65, GAD67, or both). Individual clones of engineered Rat-1 cells make the appropriate GAD mRNAs and GAD polypeptides, show GAD enzymatic activity, and make GABA. Clones expressing GAD65 had higher enzymatic activity than those expressing GAD67. As is the case for brain GADs and for GADs produced in engineered bacteria, the enzymatic activity of GAD65 is more responsive to added pyridoxal phosphate than that of GAD67. Immunostaining for both GADs is scattered throughout the cytoplasm. GAD65 immunostaining is less homogeneous than that of GAD67 and also appears to be associated with the surfaces of large vesicle-like structures. Cells expressing GAD65 and GAD67 showed similar immunostaining patterns with anti-GABA antibodies and contained substantial amounts of GABA (ranging from 7 to 18 pmol of GABA/10(6) cells), which was roughly proportional to their levels of GAD activity. GABA is released from the engineered cells into the surrounding medium under resting conditions, suggesting that cells programmed with GAD cDNAs might serve as effective sources of GABA in cell transplantation experiments.
Authors:
C Ruppert; A Sandrasagra; B Anton; C Evans; E S Schweitzer; A J Tobin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurochemistry     Volume:  61     ISSN:  0022-3042     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurochem.     Publication Date:  1993 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-08-24     Completed Date:  1993-08-24     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985190R     Medline TA:  J Neurochem     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  768-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Biology, University of California, Los Angeles 90024-1606.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cell Line
DNA / genetics*
Fibroblasts / metabolism*
Gene Expression
Genetic Engineering
Genetic Vectors
Glutamate Decarboxylase / analysis,  genetics*
Immunoenzyme Techniques
Rats
Retroviridae / genetics*
Transfection*
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid / analysis,  biosynthesis*,  secretion
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
NS22256/NS/NINDS NIH HHS; NS23084/NS/NINDS NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
56-12-2/gamma-Aminobutyric Acid; 9007-49-2/DNA; EC 4.1.1.15/Glutamate Decarboxylase

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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