Document Detail


Rare copresent rheumatoid arthritis and gout: comparison with pure rheumatoid arthritis and a literature review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18064397     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Copresent rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and gout is seldom reported. This study summarizes the findings of eight cases of copresent RA and gout and compares them with 31 pure RA cases. Additional reported cases were retrieved from the current literature by Medline search. Patients with copresent RA and gout were older (p = 0.014) and predominantly male (p < 0.01). Synovial fluid, positive for urate crystals, was aspirated most frequently from the knee (five out of eight), followed by the first metatarsophalangeal joint (three out of eight). Serum creatinine and urate levels in the copresent group were significantly higher (p < 0.01, both), and serum hemoglobin was lower (p = 0.04) than those with pure RA. Copresent subjects had much lower percentage of positive rheumatoid factor (RF) tests than patients with pure RA (37.5 vs 80.6%). Only one copresent subject had both RF and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody. Of copresent subjects, 75% had gouty arthritis before diagnosis of RA, which is consistent with earlier reports. Seven copresent subjects had gout attacks under disease-modifying antirheumatic drug use. This study revealed that polyarthritis negative for RF in a previously gouty patient may be RA and vice versa. This combination occurs more frequently in males. Moreover, anti-CCP antibody examination is not helpful for this diagnosis. Therefore, physicians must obtain synovial fluid for analysis in joints with intense swelling, especially in old RA subjects with renal insufficiency or involvement of lower extremities. Conversely, RA must be considered in gouty patients with polyarticular involvement.
Authors:
Chang-Fu Kuo; Wen-Pin Tsai; Lieh-Bang Liou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review     Date:  2007-12-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical rheumatology     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0770-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Rheumatol.     Publication Date:  2008 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-04     Completed Date:  2008-05-06     Revised Date:  2009-02-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211469     Medline TA:  Clin Rheumatol     Country:  Belgium    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  231-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Rheumatology, Allergy and Immunology, Chang-Gung Memorial Hospital, Kwei-san Hsiang, Tao-Yuan County, Taiwan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Age Factors
Antirheumatic Agents / therapeutic use*
Arthritis, Rheumatoid / complications*,  drug therapy
Female
Gout / complications*,  drug therapy
Gout Suppressants / therapeutic use*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Rheumatoid Factor / blood
Sex Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antirheumatic Agents; 0/Gout Suppressants; 9009-79-4/Rheumatoid Factor
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Clin Rheumatol. 2009 Jan;28(1):105   [PMID:  19002547 ]

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