Document Detail


Rapidly learned stimulus expectations alter perception of motion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20884577     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Expectations broadly influence our experience of the world. However, the process by which they are acquired and then shape our sensory experiences is not well understood. Here, we examined whether expectations of simple stimulus features can be developed implicitly through a fast statistical learning procedure. We found that participants quickly and automatically developed expectations for the most frequently presented directions of motion and that this altered their perception of new motion directions, inducing attractive biases in the perceived direction as well as visual hallucinations in the absence of a stimulus. Further, the biases in motion direction estimation that we observed were well explained by a model that accounted for participants' behavior using a Bayesian strategy, combining a learned prior of the stimulus statistics (the expectation) with their sensory evidence (the actual stimulus) in a probabilistically optimal manner. Our results demonstrate that stimulus expectations are rapidly learned and can powerfully influence perception of simple visual features.
Authors:
Matthew Chalk; Aaron R Seitz; Peggy Seriès
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-07-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vision     Volume:  10     ISSN:  1534-7362     ISO Abbreviation:  J Vis     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-10-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101147197     Medline TA:  J Vis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
IANC, School of Informatics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, UK. m.j.chalk@sms.ed.ac.uk
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Descriptor/Qualifier:
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
//Medical Research Council

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