Document Detail


Rapid screening of drug compounds in urine using a combination of microextraction by packed sorbent and rotating micropillar array electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22223316     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
RATIONALE: Screening of drugs from urine samples can be non-selective or laborous, using either immunological, gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) or liquid chromatography (LC)/MS methods. Therefore, a rapid screening method for selected drugs in urine sample was developed in a proof-of-principle manner, utilizing simple and fast techniques for both sample treatment and sample analysis.
METHODS: Sample treament of spiked urine samples was performed with microextraction by packed sorbent (MEPS). Five different sorbent materials (C(2) , C(8) , C(18) , M1 (cation exchanger), and Sil (pure silica)) were tested for the MEPS. The sample analysis was performed using a circular microchip with 60 micropillar electrospray ionization (μPESI) tips combined with a mass spectrometer (either a triple-quadrupole or ion-trap mass spectrometer) without any chromatographic step.
RESULTS: The sample treatment/analysis setup was tested using three drug compounds at a concentration of 1 μM. We found that the C(2) , C(8) and C(18) sorbents in combination with 96% alkaline methanol as an eluent worked the best. All compounds were easily detected and identified by MS/MS in spiked urine samples. The whole qualitative analytical procedure was rapid as the sample treatment together with the MS analysis took about 5 min per sample.
CONCLUSIONS: A rapid screening method for selected drugs from urine samples was developed, providing adequate selectivity and sensitivity, as well as a short total analysis cycle time. This new method can provide a new alternative for screening purposes, as both the extraction and analysis steps could be totally automatized. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Authors:
Katrine Nielsen; Frants R Lauritsen; Teemu Nissilä; Raimo A Ketola
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM     Volume:  26     ISSN:  1097-0231     ISO Abbreviation:  Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom.     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802365     Medline TA:  Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  297-303     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Affiliation:
Department of Chemistry, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.
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