Document Detail


Rapid fertility decline in Iran: analysis of intermediate variables.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17850688     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The remarkable decline in fertility in Iran, which saw the total fertility rate fall from 7 children per woman in 1986 to 2 in 2000, has received only limited analysis in the demographic literature. Using the 2000 Iran Demographic and Health Survey and Bongaarts' age-specific fertility model, this paper examines the role of the major proximate determinants of fertility in bringing about the rapid decrease in fertility in Iran. The analysis indicates that contraception had the largest effect on fertility, accounting for 61% of the reduction in fertility from its theoretical maximum. The fertility-inhibiting effect of marriage patterns accounted for an additional 31% reduction, and was most important among the young. Further analysis of contraceptive behaviour suggests that the current period fertility rate of 2.0 children per woman is an outcome of a synchronization of delaying and spacing of births among younger women with stopping of childbearing among women in the middle and late reproductive ages. The policy implications of the results are discussed.
Authors:
Amir Erfani; Kevin McQuillan
Related Documents :
12282128 - The "real" marriage squeeze: mate selection, mortality, and the mating gradient.
21369788 - Does increased sunlight exposure work as a strategy to improve vitamin d status in the ...
6613978 - Spouse concordance for systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
2929738 - Evolution of human serial pairbonding.
11287798 - Impulsive traits and 5-ht2a receptor promoter polymorphism in alcohol dependents: possi...
17001628 - Demographic and clinical characteristics of motor vehicle accident victims in the commu...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article     Date:  2007-09-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of biosocial science     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1469-7599     ISO Abbreviation:  J Biosoc Sci     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-03-18     Completed Date:  2008-05-21     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0177346     Medline TA:  J Biosoc Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  459-78     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Population Studies Centre, Department of Sociology, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, Canada.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Child
Contraception / statistics & numerical data*
Contraceptive Agents*
Demography
Family Planning Services
Female
Fertility*
Health Surveys
Humans
Infertility / epidemiology*
Interviews as Topic
Iran
Middle Aged
Models, Statistical
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contraceptive Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Abortion index and mortality of offspring among women of different age, caste and population groups ...
Next Document:  Modelling control measures to reduce the impact of pandemic influenza among schoolchildren.