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Rapid decline in renal function after acute myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22909784     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Aim: To investigate the long term effects of cardiac events on renal function, a prospective study of patients with acute myocardial infarction was conducted. Methods: A total of 137 patients with acute myocardial infarction were followed for 1 year. The change of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in cardiac patients was compared with that in background-matched controls, and the factors associated with eGFR changes were analyzed. Results: The eGFR decrease was much larger after myocardial infarction, from 73.7 ± 1.9 ml/min/1.73 m2 (mean ± SEM) at baseline to 64.7 ± 1.7 at 1 year, (p < 0.001), compared with that of controls (from 72.8 ± 1.2 to 72.1 ± 1.3, p = 0.305). Multiple regression analysis showed that eGFR change was associated negatively with age, baseline eGFR, proteinuria, and positively with the administration of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor blockers, but not the severity of cardiac damage and comorbidities. Longitudinal analysis 1 year before and 2 years after myocardial infarction showed that eGFR decrease was larger during baseline and 6 months after the event (-7.0 ± 1.0). Conclusions: Renal decline was rapid after myocardial infarction and was affected by clinical characteristics of patients. Careful follow-up of renal function is recommended to prevent the progression of renal and cardiac disease.
Authors:
Yusuke Mashima; Tsuneo Konta; Kazunobu Ichikawa; Ami Ikeda; Kazuko Suzuki; Masahiro Wanezaki; Satoshi Nishiyama; Tetsu Watanabe; Isao Kubota
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nephrology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0301-0430     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Nephrol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364441     Medline TA:  Clin Nephrol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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