Document Detail

Rapid Estimation of Thermodynamic Parameters and Vapor Pressures of Volatile Materials at Nanoscale.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22689500     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Non-isothermal measurements of thermodynamic parameters and vapor pressures of low-volatile materials are favored when time is a crucial factor to be considered, such as in the case of detection of hazardous materials. In this article, we demonstrate that optical absorbance spectroscopy can be used non-isothermally to estimate the thermodynamic properties and vapor pressures of volatile materials with good accuracy. This is the first method to determine such parameters in nanoscale in just minutes. Trinitrotoluene (TNT) is chosen because of its low melting temperature, which makes it impossible to determine its thermodynamic parameter by other rising-temperature techniques, such as thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The well-characterized vapor pressure of benzoic acid is used to calibrate the spectrometer in order to determine the vapor pressure of low-volatile TNT. The estimated thermodynamic properties of both benzoic acid and TNT are in excellent agreement with the literature. The estimated vapor pressure of TNT is one order of magnitude larger than that determined isothermally using the same method. However, the values are still within the range reported in the literature. The data indicate the high potential for use of rising-temperature absorbance spectroscopy in determining vapor pressures of materials at nanometer scale in minutes instead of hours or days.
Walid M Hikal; Jeffrey T Paden; Brandon L Weeks
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-7641     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954211     Medline TA:  Chemphyschem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, Texas 79409 (USA).
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