Document Detail


Rape-related pregnancy: estimates and descriptive characteristics from a national sample of women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8765248     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: We attempted to determine the national rape-related pregnancy rate and provide descriptive characteristics of pregnancies that result from rape. STUDY DESIGN: A national probability sample of 4008 adult American women took part in a 3-year longitudinal survey that assessed the prevalence and incidence of rape and related physical and mental health outcomes. RESULTS: The national rape-related pregnancy rate is 5.0% per rape among victims of reproductive age (aged 12 to 45); among adult women an estimated 32,101 pregnancies result from rape each year. Among 34 cases of rape-related pregnancy, the majority occurred among adolescents and resulted from assault by a known, often related perpetrator. Only 11.7% of these victims received immediate medical attention after the assault, and 47.1% received no medical attention related to the rape. A total 32.4% of these victims did not discover they were pregnant until they had already entered the second trimester; 32.2% opted to keep the infant whereas 50% underwent abortion and 5.9% placed the infant for adoption; an additional 11.8% had spontaneous abortion. CONCLUSIONS: Rape-related pregnancy occurs with significant frequency. It is a cause of many unwanted pregnancies and is closely linked with family and domestic violence. As we address the epidemic of unintended pregnancies in the United States, greater attention and effort should be aimed at preventing and identifying unwanted pregnancies that result from sexual victimization.
Authors:
M M Holmes; H S Resnick; D G Kilpatrick; C L Best
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  175     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  1996 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1996-11-08     Completed Date:  1996-11-08     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  320-4; discussion 324-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston 29425-2233, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abortion, Induced
Adolescent
Adoption
Adult
Child
Female
Humans
Incidence
Longitudinal Studies
Middle Aged
Pregnancy*
Pregnancy Rate
Pregnancy, Unwanted
Prevalence
Rape*
United States
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01DA05220/DA/NIDA NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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