Document Detail

Range of motion after total knee arthroplasty: the effect of a preoperative home exercise program.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23271039     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: Preoperative range of motion (ROM) is the most important variable to determine final flexion after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The purpose of this study was to determine whether a preoperative home exercise program could improve ROM in the arthritic knee and whether this influenced ROM and functional recovery following primary TKA. METHODS: During the period between 2005 and 2006, one hundred and twenty-two patients with gonarthrosis were included in a prospective study and randomly allocated to either the control or the treatment group. The sixty-one subjects in the treatment group underwent a 6-week home-based exercise program before TKA surgery. All one hundred and twenty-two patients were assessed before and after this exercise intervention. Postoperative assessments were at 6 weeks, 6 months and 1 year. Each evaluation included knee ROM and the Knee Society Clinical Rating System. Length of hospital stay and postoperative duration before achieving 90° of knee flexion were also recorded. RESULTS: Exercise program improves knee motion in the presence of gonarthrosis. After TKA, the patients in the exercise group achieved 90° of knee flexion faster and had a shorter hospital stay. There is no prolonged effect on knee motion or patient function between 6 weeks and 1 year postoperatively. CONCLUSION: Preoperative exercise of the arthritic knee facilitates immediate postoperative recovery following primary TKA. LEVELS OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic study, Level I.
Fabrizio Matassi; Joris Duerinckx; Hilde Vandenneucker; Johan Bellemans
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-28
Journal Detail:
Title:  Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-7347     ISO Abbreviation:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9314730     Medline TA:  Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Orthopedic Clinic, University of Florence, Largo Palagi, 1, 50139, Florence, Italy,
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