Document Detail


Range of alcohol-induced damage in the developing central nervous system.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6563985     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fourteen previously reported cases of the fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) showed anomalies of brain structure varying in severity from microscopic disorganization of tissue structure, or abnormalities in neuronal or glial migration only visible microscopically, to complete or partial agenesis of regions such as the corpus callosum or cerebellum and large neuronal heteropias. The difficulty is illustrated of differentiating this type of damage, lacking in specificity and uniformity, from other syndromes of uncertain aetiology, such as De Lange, DiGeorge and Dubowitz, in at least one of which (DiGeorge syndrome) maternal alcoholism has been implicated. Similar brain damage is also seen in other conditions with known causes. In FAS and syndromes with this type of brain damage, most of the non-CNS features which make the conditions clinically recognizable may well be determined by timing or ancillary factors. Alcohol-related antenatal effects should not be identified to restrictively with FAS but should be considered in any condition of unknown aetiology with disorganization of brain structure and mental retardation.
Authors:
O E Pratt; R Doshi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ciba Foundation symposium     Volume:  105     ISSN:  0300-5208     ISO Abbreviation:  Ciba Found. Symp.     Publication Date:  1984  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1984-08-08     Completed Date:  1984-08-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0356636     Medline TA:  Ciba Found Symp     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  142-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abnormalities, Multiple / pathology
Brain / drug effects,  embryology*,  pathology
Child, Preschool
Ethanol / adverse effects*
Female
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome / pathology
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Pregnancy
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
64-17-5/Ethanol

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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