Document Detail


Randomized, double-blind crossover study to investigate the effects of amlodipine and isosorbide mononitrate on the time course and severity of exercise-induced myocardial stunning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9727544     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Myocardial stunning may cause prolonged left ventricular dysfunction after exercise-induced ischemia that can be attenuated by calcium antagonists in animal models. To assess their effects in humans, we performed a randomized, double-blind crossover study comparing the calcium antagonist amlodipine (10 mg once daily) versus isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN, 50 mg once daily) on postexercise stunning. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty-four men with chronic stable angina and normal left ventricular function underwent serial quantitative exercise stress echocardiography after 3 weeks on each treatment to assess the degree of postexercise stunning with simultaneous sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography perfusion scans at peak stress to quantify the ischemic burden. Exercise time (P=1), maximum ST depression (P=0.48), and sestamibi single-photon emission computed tomography scores (P=0.17) were unchanged between treatments. Stunning occurred more often with ISMN than amlodipine (82% versus 48%). The global and segmental stress echocardiography parameters of stunning were attenuated in patients while taking amlodipine compared with ISMN. Shortening fractions and ejection fractions were less impaired 30 minutes after exercise in patients receiving amlodipine (3.5+/-1.4% versus 2.5+/-1.4%, P=0.014, and 59.7+/-5.4% versus 54.5+/-8%, P<0.001); similarly, the isovolumic relaxation period was less prolonged with amlodipine (93+/-15.5 versus 106.3+/-14.9 ms, P=0.018). CONCLUSIONS: Despite comparable levels of ischemia, amlodipine attenuated stunning when compared with ISMN. This beneficial effect may relate to a prevention of the calcium overload implicated in the pathogenesis of stunning.
Authors:
C A Rinaldi; A Z Linka; N D Masani; P G Avery; E Jones; H Saunders; R J Hall
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation     Volume:  98     ISSN:  0009-7322     ISO Abbreviation:  Circulation     Publication Date:  1998 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-09-17     Completed Date:  1998-09-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147763     Medline TA:  Circulation     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  749-56     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Cardiology Department, University Hospital of Wales, Cardiff, South Wales, UK. c.a.rinaldi@btinternet.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Amlodipine / adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Angina Pectoris / drug therapy
Calcium Channel Blockers / adverse effects,  therapeutic use*
Cross-Over Studies
Double-Blind Method
Echocardiography
Exercise Test
Humans
Isosorbide Dinitrate / adverse effects,  analogs & derivatives*,  therapeutic use
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Stunning / drug therapy*,  etiology
Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium Channel Blockers; 16051-77-7/isosorbide-5-mononitrate; 87-33-2/Isosorbide Dinitrate; 88150-42-9/Amlodipine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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