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Randomized controlled trial to evaluate effectiveness of exercise therapy (Takizawa Program) for frail elderly.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21432349     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Although exercise therapy intervention for frail elderly people was not of great interest in the past, it has recently drawn attention as a method to prevent and improve conditions requiring care since the enforcement of the Long-Term Care Insurance Law and the revision of the long-term care insurance system. This randomized controlled trial was performed to evaluate the effects of exercise therapy using the Takizawa Program.
METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, we evaluated the effects of exercise therapy on the frail elderly, including those who need a high level of care, in terms of two factors: the range of motion and the functional independence measure. The subjects were 145 females admitted to special nursing homes for the elderly. They were stratified according to their care levels and randomly assigned to either the exercise therapy intervention group or the control group.
RESULTS: The range of motion values in the flexions of both shoulders, the right knee extension, and the dorsal flexions of both ankles significantly increased only in the exercise therapy intervention group. The functional independence measure score did not improve in the exercise therapy intervention group.
CONCLUSION: Exercise therapy should be used for the frail elderly requiring a high level of care.
Authors:
Mitsuyo Makita; Hiroto Nakadaira; Masaharu Yamamoto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental health and preventive medicine     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1342-078X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ Health Prev Med     Publication Date:  2006 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-24     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2013-05-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9609642     Medline TA:  Environ Health Prev Med     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  221-7     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Physical Therapy, School of Health Science, Niigata University of Health and Welfare, 1398 Shimami-cho, 950-3198, Niigata, Japan, makita@nuhw.ac.jp.
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