Document Detail

A Randomized Trial on the Optimization of 18F-FDG Myocardial Uptake Suppression: Implications for Vulnerable Coronary Plaque Imaging.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25082852     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
METHODS: Thirty-six volunteers ate a high-fat low-carbohydrate meal, followed by a 12-h fasting period. They were then randomized to 1 of 4 intervention groups. Group 1 received no additional preparation and served as a reference. Groups 2 and 3, respectively, received a commercial high-fat solution containing 43.8 g of lipids or 50 mL of olive oil 1 h before (18)F-FDG injection to evaluate the impact of fatty acid loading on myocardial (18)F-FDG uptake. Group 4 received verapamil to evaluate the effect of calcium channel blockers. Cardiac PET/CT was performed after administration of 370 MBq of (18)F-FDG. Myocardial uptake suppression was assessed using a qualitative visual scale and by measuring the myocardial maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax). Insulin, glucose, and cFFA were serially measured.
RESULTS: The qualitative visual scale showed good myocardial (18)F-FDG uptake suppression in 8 of 9, 5 of 9, 4 of 9, and 8 of 9 subjects of groups 1, 2, 3, and 4, respectively (P = 0.09). SUVmax did not significantly differ between groups (P = 0.17). Interestingly, cFFA levels were higher in volunteers with good suppression (0.80 ± 0.31 mmol/L) than in those with poor suppression (0.53 ± 0.15 mmol/L; P = 0.011). We found an inverse correlation between cFFA level (measured at (18)F-FDG injection) and the SUVmax (R = 0.61). Receiver-operating-characteristic curve analysis identified 0.65 mmol/L cFFA as the best cutoff value to predict adequate (18)F-FDG uptake suppression (positive predictive value, 89%).
CONCLUSION: A high-fat low-carbohydrate meal followed by a 12-h fasting period effectively suppressed myocardial (18)F-FDG uptake in most subjects. Neither complementary fatty acid loading nor verapamil administered 1 h before (18)F-FDG injection conferred any additional benefit. Myocardial (18)F-FDG uptake was inversely correlated with cFFA level, representing an interesting way to predict myocardial (18)F-FDG uptake suppression.
Fabian Demeure; François-Xavier Hanin; Anne Bol; Marie-Françoise Vincent; Anne-Catherine Pouleur; Bernhard Gerber; Agnès Pasquet; François Jamar; Jean-Louis J Vanoverschelde; David Vancraeynest
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nuclear medicine : official publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1535-5667     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nucl. Med.     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0217410     Medline TA:  J Nucl Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging, Inc.
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