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A Randomized Trial Comparing Dual Axis Rotational Versus Conventional Coronary Angiography in a Population with a High Prevalence of Coronary Artery Disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25132588     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: To compare the safety, radiation dose, and contrast volume between dual axis rotational coronary angiography (DARCA) and conventional coronary angiography (CCA).
BACKGROUND: CCA is performed in multiple, predefined stationary views, at different angulations around the patient, for both the left and right coronary arteries. DARCA (AlluraXperSwing™, Philips, the Netherlands) involves a pre-set rotation of the C-arm around the patient and allows for the visualization of each coronary artery in different views, using a single automatic pump contrast injection.
METHODS: From November 2012 to February 2013, 201 patients were randomly assigned to either CCA (n = 100) or DARCA (n = 101). Exclusion criteria included acute coronary syndrome (ACS), prior PCI or CABG. CCAs were performed in 4 acquisition runs for the left coronary artery and 2 to 3 acquisition runs for the right coronary artery, whereas DARCAs were performed in a single run for each coronary artery.
RESULTS: Baseline demographics and clinical characteristics were similar for both groups. The overall prevalence of CAD was 77.6%. The DARCA group had a significant reduction in the amount of contrast, 60 ml (IQR: 52.5-71.5 ml) versus 76 ml (IQR: 68-87 ml), P < 0.0001; and radiation dose by Air Kerma, 269.5 mGy (IQR: 176-450.5) versus 542.1 mGy (IQR: 370.7-720.8), P < 0.0001. There were fewer patients requiring additional projections in the DARCA group: 54.0% versus 75.0%; P = 0.002.
CONCLUSIONS: In a population with a high prevalence of CAD, DARCA was safe and resulted in a significant decrease in contrast volume and radiation dose.
Authors:
Rafael S O Giuberti; Adriano Caixeta; Antônio C Carvalho; Milton M Soares; Erlon O Abreu-Silva; José O Medina Pestana; Hélio T Silva Júnior; Maria Lúcia Vaz; Philippe Généreux; Rosley W A Fernandes
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of interventional cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1540-8183     ISO Abbreviation:  J Interv Cardiol     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8907826     Medline TA:  J Interv Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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