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A Randomized Controlled Trial to Compare Heated Humidified High-Flow Nasal Cannulae with Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Postextubation in Premature Infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23260098     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether postextubation respiratory support via heated, humidified, high-flow nasal cannulae (HHHFNC) results in a greater proportion of infants younger than 32 weeks' gestation being successfully extubated after a period of endotracheal positive pressure ventilation compared with conventional nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP). STUDY DESIGN: We randomly assigned preterm ventilated infants to Vapotherm HHHFNC or NCPAP after extubation. The primary outcome, extubation failure, was defined by prespecified failure criteria in the 7 days after extubation. RESULTS: A total of 132 ventilated infants younger than 32 weeks' gestation were randomized to receive either HHHFNC (n = 67) or NCPAP (n = 65). Extubation failure occurred in 15 (22%) of the HHHFNC group compared with 22 (34%) of the NCPAP group. There was no difference in the number of infants reintubated in the first week. Treatment with HHHFNC reduced the nasal trauma score 3.1 (SD 7.2) versus NCPAP 11.8 (SD 10.7), P < .001. CONCLUSIONS: HHHFNC and NCPAP produced similar rates of extubation failure.
Authors:
Clare L Collins; James R Holberton; Charles Barfield; Peter G Davis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of pediatrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6833     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Pediatr.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375410     Medline TA:  J Pediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Mercy Hospital for Women, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address: ccollins@mercy.com.au.
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