Document Detail


A Randomized Clinical Trial of Methadone Maintenance for Prisoners: Prediction of Treatment Entry and Completion in Prison.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25392605     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present report is an intent-to-treat analysis involving secondary data drawn from the first randomized clinical trial of prison-initiated methadone in the United States. This study examined predictors of treatment entry and completion in prison. A sample of 211 adult male prerelease inmates with preincarceration heroin dependence were randomly assigned to one of three treatment conditions: counseling only (counseling in prison; n= 70); counseling plus transfer (counseling in prison with transfer to methadone maintenance treatment upon release; n= 70); and counseling plus methadone (methadone maintenance in prison, continued in a community-based methadone maintenance program upon release; n= 71). Entered prison treatment (p <. 01), and completed prison treatment (p< .001) were significantly predicted by the set of 10 explanatory variables and favored the treatment conditions receiving methadone. The present results indicate that individuals who are older in age and have longer prison sentences may have better outcomes than younger individuals with shorter sentences, meaning they are more likely to enter and complete prison-based treatment. Furthermore, implications for the treatment of prisoners with prior heroin dependence and for conducting clinical trials may indicate the importance of examining individual characteristics and the possibility of the examination of patient preference.
Authors:
Michael S Gordon; Timothy W Kinlock; Kathryn A Couvillion; Robert P Schwartz; Kevin O'Grady
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of offender rehabilitation     Volume:  51     ISSN:  1050-9674     ISO Abbreviation:  J Offender Rehabil     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9202995     Medline TA:  J Offender Rehabil     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  222-238     Citation Subset:  -    
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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