Document Detail

A Randomized Clinical Trial of Aquatic versus Land Exercise to Improve Balance, Function, and Quality of Life in Older Women with Osteoporosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20145763     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: Despite the decreased gravitational loading that is experienced in an aquatic environment, little research has been conducted on this exercise medium for women with osteoporosis (OP). Aquatic exercise (AE) may improve function and balance, thus ultimately decreasing fall risk and the potential for hip fractures in this high-risk population.
METHOD: A total of 68 women with OP, aged 60 years or older, were recruited into a randomized clinical trial evaluating the impact of AE, land exercise (LE), and no exercise (NE) on balance, functional mobility, and quality of life (QOL).
RESULTS: Only one balance measure (backward tandem walk) significantly improved with AE compared to LE, but this did not translate into a greater improvement in self-report function. There were no significant differences between the exercise interventions and NE, except for in ratings of global change, where participants in the AE group were three times more likely to report improvement than those in the NE group.
CONCLUSION: There were no differences in balance, function, or QOL in women with OP who followed an AE or LE programme compared to those in an NE control group. However, the significant differences in backward tandem walk between the AE and LE groups and self-reported global change between the AE and NE groups warrant further investigation. Significant improvements in balance and global change suggest that AE is a viable alternative for older women with OP who have difficulty exercising on land.
C M Arnold; A J Busch; C L Schachter; E L Harrison; W P Olszynski
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-11-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada     Volume:  60     ISSN:  0300-0508     ISO Abbreviation:  Physiother Can     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-10     Completed Date:  2011-07-14     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0346574     Medline TA:  Physiother Can     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  296-306     Citation Subset:  -    
C.M. Arnold, BScPT, MSc, PhD candidate: School of Physical Therapy, University of Saskatchewan, Canada.
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