Document Detail

A Raman and infrared spectroscopic study of the uranyl silicates--weeksite, soddyite and haiweeite: part 2.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15975846     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Raman spectroscopy has been used to study the molecular structure of a series of selected uranyl silicate minerals including weeksite K2[(UO2)2(Si5O13)].H2O, soddyite [(UO2)2SiO4.2H2O] and haiweeite Ca[(UO2)2(Si5O12(OH)2](H2O)3 with UO2(2+)/SiO2 molar ratio 2:1 or 2:5. Raman spectra clearly show well resolved bands in the 750-800 cm(-1) region and in the 950-1000 cm(-1) region assigned to the nu1 modes of the (UO2)2+ units and to the (SiO4)4- tetrahedra. Soddyite is characterized by Raman bands at 828.0, 808.6 and 801.8 cm(-1), 909.6 and 898.0 cm(-1), and 268.2, 257.8 and 246.9 cm(-1), attributed to the nu1, nu3, and nu2 (delta) (UO2)2+, respectively. Coincidences of the nu1 (UO2)2+ and the nu1 (SiO4)4- is expected. Bands at 1082.2, 1071.2, 1036.3, 995.1 and 966.3 cm(-1) are attributed to the nu3 (SiO4)4-. Sets of Raman bands in the 200-300 cm(-1) region are assigned to nu2 (delta) (UO2)2+ and UO ligand vibrations. Multiple bands indicate the non-equivalence of the UO bonds and the lifting of the degeneracy of nu2 (delta) (UO2)2+ vibrations. The (SiO4)4- tetrahedral are characterized by bands in the 470-550 cm(-1) and in the 390-420 cm(-1) region. These bands are attributed to the nu4 and nu2 (SiO4)4- bending modes. The minerals show characteristic OH stretching bands in the 2900-3500 and 3600-3700 cm(-1).
Ray L Frost; Jirí Cejka; Matt L Weier; Wayde Martens
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2005-06-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy     Volume:  63     ISSN:  1386-1425     ISO Abbreviation:  Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc     Publication Date:  2006 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-27     Completed Date:  2006-04-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9602533     Medline TA:  Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  305-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Inorganic Materials Research Program, School of Physical and Chemical Sciences, Queensland University of Technology, G.P.O. Box 2434, Brisbane, Qld. 4001, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Silicates / chemistry*
Spectrophotometry, Infrared
Spectrum Analysis, Raman
Uranium Compounds / chemistry*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Silicates; 0/Uranium Compounds; 0/haiweeite; 0/soddyite; 0/weeksite

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