Document Detail


Radiotherapy for prevention of disease progression in early-stage Dupuytren's contracture: initial and long-term results.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8960518     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
PURPOSE: Radiotherapy (RT) was given to prevent disease progression in early-stage Dupuytren's contracture. Initial response, long-term outcome, and treatment toxicity were evaluated. METHODS: Between 1982 and 1993, 96 patients (142 hands) received orthovoltage RT, which consisted of two courses with daily fractionation of 5 x 3 Gy (total dose 30 Gy) separated by a 6-week interval. The extent of disease was staged according to the classification of Tubiana et al.. Initial evaluation was performed 3 months after completion of RT; long-term outcome was analyzed at last follow-up (i.e., between February and April 1994). The mean follow-up was 6 +/- 2 (range 1-12) years. Fifty-seven patients with a minimum follow-up of 5 (median 7.5; mean 9.5-12) years were separately evaluated for long-term outcome (i.e., prevention of disease progression). Acute and late treatment toxicity was assessed using the Radiation Therapy Oncology Group/EORTC criteria. RESULTS: According to stage, 130 cases (92%) remained stable at 3 months follow-up, 10 improved (7%), and 2 progressed (1%). An objective reduction of symptomatic cords and nodules was achieved in 107 cases (75%) at 3 months follow-up. Moreover, 87% of the patients reported a subjective relief of symptoms. In long-term follow-up, only 16 of 142 cases (11%) had progressed according to stage. In the group with minimum follow-up 5 years (n = 57), 44 patients (77%) experienced no disease progression, whereas 13 progressed (23%) inside [8 cases (14%)] or outside [5 cases (9%)] of the RT field. Most failures could have been avoided with appropriate choice of larger safety margins included in the treated portals; however, the failures outside were still amenable for another RT course. CONCLUSION: Radiotherapy is effective to prevent disease progression for early-stage Dupuytren's contracture. Thus, it helps to avoid an otherwise necessary surgical procedure which is performed in adavanced stages of Dupuytren's contracture.
Authors:
L Keilholz; M H Seegenschmiedt; R Sauer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of radiation oncology, biology, physics     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0360-3016     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys.     Publication Date:  1996 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-01-14     Completed Date:  1997-01-14     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7603616     Medline TA:  Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  891-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Radiation Oncology, University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Disease Progression
Dupuytren Contracture / pathology,  radiotherapy*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Treatment Failure

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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