Document Detail

Radiological and electrocardiographic characterization of right ventricular outflow tract pacing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20876274     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
AIMS: The right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) is used as an alternative pacing site, but its superiority to the RV apex remains to be established. This lack of proof may in part be explained by heterogeneity within the RVOT-paced group, due to poor definitions of the RVOT. The aim of the present study is to characterize the RVOT in terms of fluoroscopic and electrocardiographic parameters.
METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred and forty-three patients who underwent pacemaker implantation with a ventricular lead in the RVOT were included. Lead position was determined by fluoroscopy. The RVOT was divided into three areas: anterior, septal, and free wall (FW). On a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) during forced ventricular pacing, QRS duration, configuration, and amplitude was determined. Lead position was judged to be anterior in 52 (36%), septal in 43 (30%), and FW in 48 (34%) patients, respectively. QRS duration is not significantly different between groups. QRS axis differs significantly between pacing sites (septal 79 ± 31°, anterior 60 ± 46°, FW 47 ± 38°, P < 0.05). QRS vector in lead I and QRS morphology and vector in lead aVL differ significantly between pacing sites. Precordial transition is earlier (towards V1) in septal pacing.
CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates heterogeneity of pacing site and depolarization pattern within a cohort of patients paced form the RVOT. However, due to considerable overlap, we could not define clear cut-off point or devise flow-charts to match ECG and pacing site.
Jippe C Balt; Norbert M van Hemel; Hein J J Wellens; Willem G de Voogt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-09-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Europace : European pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac electrophysiology : journal of the working groups on cardiac pacing, arrhythmias, and cardiac cellular electrophysiology of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1532-2092     ISO Abbreviation:  Europace     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883649     Medline TA:  Europace     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1739-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiology, St Antonius Hospital, PO Box 2500, 3430 EM Nieuwegein, The Netherlands.
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Comment In:
Europace. 2010 Dec;12(12):1660-1   [PMID:  20974760 ]

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