Document Detail


Radiographic appearance of cardiogenic pulmonary oedema in 23 cats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19037891     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To describe the radiographic appearance of pulmonary oedema in cats with cardiac failure. METHODS: Thoracic radiographs of 23 cats presented to a first opinion practice with signs of cardiac failure were reviewed. All cats had tachypnoea and/or dyspnoea and enlarged left atrium on echocardiography. RESULTS: Pulmonary oedema was characterised radiographically by an increased opacity associated with a range of patterns and variable distribution. All cats had evidence of a reticular or granular interstitial pattern. This occurred in combination with alveolar pattern in 19 (83 per cent) cats, including six with air bronchograms, with increased diameter of pulmonary vessels in 16 (71 per cent) cats and with bronchial pattern in 14 (61 per cent) cats. The distribution of pulmonary oedema was considered to be diffuse/non-uniform in 14 (61 per cent) cats, diffuse/uniform in four (17 per cent) cats, multi-focal in four (17 per cent) cats and focal in the remaining one (4 per cent). Nine (39 per cent) cats were considered to have a regional distribution of oedema, including five (22 per cent) with a ventral distribution, three (13 per cent) with a caudal distribution and one (4 per cent) cat with a hilar distribution. The distribution of pulmonary opacities was bilaterally symmetrical in five (22 per cent) cats. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The variable appearance of feline pulmonary oedema is likely to complicate its radiographic diagnosis.
Authors:
L Benigni; N Morgan; C R Lamb
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2008-08-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of small animal practice     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0022-4510     ISO Abbreviation:  J Small Anim Pract     Publication Date:  2009 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-01-23     Completed Date:  2009-03-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0165053     Medline TA:  J Small Anim Pract     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  9-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, The Royal Veterinary College, Hawkshead Lane, North Mymms, Hertfordshire AL9 7TA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cat Diseases / etiology,  radiography*,  ultrasonography
Cats
Diagnosis, Differential
Female
Heart Failure / complications,  radiography,  veterinary*
Male
Pulmonary Edema / etiology,  radiography,  veterinary*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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