Document Detail


Radiofrequency catheter ablation in pediatrics: experience at Siriraj Hospital.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11215864     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Tachyarrhythmia is one of the life threatening cardiac electrophysiology problems in children. It also affects quality of life of the patients. Radiofrequency catheter ablation (RFCA) has made a significant impact in the treatment of tachyarrhythmia since 1989. The present report is the first and largest report in Thai children. There have been 24 RFCA procedures in 21 children since it was initially performed at Siriraj Hospital from January 1996 to December 1999. The electrophysiology studies and medical records were analyzed retrospectively. Median age and weight at the time of the procedure were 11 (1.1-13) years old and 38.8 (6.8-78.2) kg respectively. The presenting symptoms were palpitation 66.7 per cent, presyncope 16.7 per cent, congestive heart failure and cardiogenic shock 8.3 per cent, syncope 4.2 per cent, and chest pain 4.2 per cent. Median duration of symptom was 3.5 (0.1-8.0) years. The underlying cardiac arrhythmias were Wolff Parkinson White (WPW) syndrome 50 per cent, concealed accessory pathway 16.7 per cent, atrioventricular node re-entry tachycardia (AVNRT) 16.7 per cent, atrial ectopic tachycardia (AET) 12.5 per cent, and WPW with AVNRT 4.2 per cent. The median fluoroscopy time and procedure time were 25 (4-145) minutes and 125 (60-320) minutes respectively. The median tachycardia cycle length was 332.5 (220-460) seconds. The immediate success rate was 21/24 (87.5%) procedures. The procedural complication was 1/24 (4.2%). Two patients (8.3%) had recurrences of tachycardia and were successfully controlled with antiarrhythmic drugs. Conclusion: RFCA is a safe, effective, and curative procedure with high success rate for pediatric tachyarrhythmias.
Authors:
J Soongswang; K Bhuripanyo; O Raungratanaamporn; C Sriratanasathavorn; R Krittayaphong; T Nutakul; C Kangkagate; S Pooranawattanakul; A Chirapastan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand = Chotmaihet thangphaet     Volume:  83     ISSN:  0125-2208     ISO Abbreviation:  J Med Assoc Thai     Publication Date:  2000 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-02-15     Completed Date:  2001-05-03     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7507216     Medline TA:  J Med Assoc Thai     Country:  Thailand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1340-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Catheter Ablation / adverse effects,  methods*
Child
Child, Preschool
Electrocardiography
Electrophysiologic Techniques, Cardiac
Female
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Male
Pediatrics
Quality of Life
Retrospective Studies
Tachycardia / therapy*
Thailand
Treatment Outcome
Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome / therapy*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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