Document Detail

Radiation induced a supra-additive cytotoxic effect in head and neck carcinoma cell lines when combined with plant extracts from Brazilian Cerrado biome.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25096669     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVES: Antineoplastic effects of molecules derived from plants have recently gained increasing attention as an additive to traditional therapies. The aim of this study was to evaluate the cytotoxic activity of plant extracts from the Brazilian Cerrado biome associated with radiotherapy in head and neck carcinoma cells (HNSCC).
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen extracts derived from five Cerrado plants were tested in HNSCC cell lines (SCC-25, SCC-9, FaDu) and keratinocyte cells (HaCat). Cell cytotoxicity of extracts and association extract/radiation (2Gy/min) was assessed by MTT assay. Cisplatin (50 μg/mL) was used as a positive control. Extracts with the major cytotoxic activity were selected and their IC50 concentrations were defined. Apoptosis was assessed using flow cytometric analysis.
RESULTS: Ten isolated extracts resulted in moderate cytotoxicity (>20 and ≤50 % of viable cells), while three extracts induced severe cytotoxic effects (≤20 % of viable cells). Plant extracts treatment improved radiotherapy cytotoxicity in all cell lines. Although plant extracts are not as potent as cisplatin plus radiation, in FaDu cells, seven extracts associated with irradiation showed cytotoxic activity similar or better than the association of cisplatin and radiation. Hexanic extract of Erythroxylum daphinites could induce apoptosis in oral cancer cells; however, necrosis was the prevalent kind of death in FaDu cells treated with hexanic extract of Erythroxylum suberosum.
CONCLUSIONS: Pre-treatment of HNSCC cells with the extract derived from Cerrado plants followed by irradiation induced a supra-additive cytotoxic effect.
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This study highlights the potential biological relevance of the Cerrado biome when associated with traditional therapy for cancer.
Silvia T Elias; Gabriel A Borges; Danilo A Amorim; Daniela F Rêgo; Luiz A Simeoni; Dâmaris Silveira; Yris Maria Fonseca-Bazzo; José E Paula; Christopher William Fagg; Ivelone M C Barros; Wenzel C Abreu; Décio S Pinto-Júnior; Pérola O Magalhães; Francisco A R Neves; Adriana Lofrano-Porto; Eliete N S Guerra
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical oral investigations     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1436-3771     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Oral Investig     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9707115     Medline TA:  Clin Oral Investig     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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