Document Detail


Radiation exposure and pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20869193     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: The effect of radiation on the fetus has been derived primarily from animal studies and human exposures to diagnostic and therapeutic radiation as well as atomic bomb exposure. Given the variety of sources, there is controversy over the dose of radiation in addition to the other environmental conditions that surrounded these events and their relationship to exposure today.
METHODS: The effects of ionizing radiation on the fetus, the prenatal period, parental exposure, the pregnant clinician, and the pregnant patient are discussed in the context of their exposure to radiation.
RESULTS: The fetus is most sensitive to radiation effects between 8 and 15 weeks of pregnancy. Stepping away from the table and using movable shields help reduce the exposure by a factor of four for every doubling of the distance between the operator and the radiation source.
CONCLUSION: Proposed guidelines for pregnancy during vascular residency training involving fluoroscopic procedures can help bring about awareness, clarify maximal exposure, and better delineate the role of the pregnant resident.
Authors:
Palma Shaw; Audra Duncan; Ageliki Vouyouka; Kathleen Ozsvath
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vascular surgery     Volume:  53     ISSN:  1097-6809     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-24     Completed Date:  2011-01-25     Revised Date:  2012-10-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8407742     Medline TA:  J Vasc Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  28S-34S     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Division of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced / prevention & control
Abortion, Spontaneous / etiology
Animals
Endovascular Procedures*
Female
Fetus / radiation effects*
Guidelines as Topic
Health Personnel
Humans
Male
Maternal Exposure
Occupational Exposure
Paternal Exposure
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications / radiography*,  therapy
Radiation Dosage
Radiation Protection
Vascular Surgical Procedures

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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