Document Detail


Radiation dose to premature infants in neonatal intensive care units in Kuwait.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15266086     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Entrance surface dose (ESD) and effective dose (E) to premature infants were estimated at three neonatal intensive care units in Kuwait for three standard X-ray examinations--abdominal, chest and skull X rays using a simple water phantom. The ESD was found to vary between 58 and 102 microGy for abdominal X rays, between 51 and 102 microGy for chest X rays and between 58 and 145 microGy for skull examinations. These doses are comparable to the entrance skin doses published elsewhere. The E-values were estimated using normalised organ dose dataset from the National Radiological Protection Board. The E-values for abdominal, chest and skull examinations were in the ranges of 30-46, 20-36 and 8-18 microSv per examination, respectively. The risk of developing childhood cancers from each of the three examinations was estimated to be in the range (9-117) x 10(-6) for infants undergoing 25 of these X-ray examinations during their stay in the NIC unit.
Authors:
A Brindhaban; K Al-Khalifah
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study     Date:  2004-07-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Radiation protection dosimetry     Volume:  111     ISSN:  0144-8420     ISO Abbreviation:  Radiat Prot Dosimetry     Publication Date:  2004  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-19     Completed Date:  2005-03-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8109958     Medline TA:  Radiat Prot Dosimetry     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  275-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Radiologic Sciences, Kuwait University, PO Box 31470, Sulaibikhat 90805, Kuwait. ajit@hsc.kuniv.edu.kw
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Body Burden
Computer Simulation
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature*
Intensive Care, Neonatal / statistics & numerical data*
Kuwait / epidemiology
Models, Biological*
Radiation Dosage
Radiation Protection / methods*
Radiography / statistics & numerical data*
Radiography, Abdominal / statistics & numerical data
Radiography, Thoracic / statistics & numerical data
Radiometry / instrumentation,  methods*
Relative Biological Effectiveness
Risk Assessment / methods*
Risk Factors
Skull / radiography

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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