Document Detail

Radial artery compliance in response to mental stress in normotensive offspring of hypertensive parents.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11710756     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: Compared to normal subjects hypertensive patients have an increased radial artery isobaric distensibility, contrasting with a decrease in elasticity of large arteries and systemic compliance. To address the question whether elasticity is increased in response to long-standing elevated blood pressure or is present at an early stage of the disease, we compared normotensive offspring of hypertensive parents with control subjects. Furthermore, enhanced sympathetic response to mental stress was demonstrated in individuals predisposed to hypertension and might contribute to the elevation of blood pressure via a peripheral mechanism. Thus, an abnormal vasoconstrictive response of the radial artery to psychological stress was sought in these subjects. DESIGN: The geometry and the elastic porperties of the radial artery were assessed in normotensive offspring of hypertensive and normotensiven parents at baseline and during mental stress. METHODS: A high-precision echo-tracking ultrasound device was combined with photoplethysmography for continuous measurement of radial artery diameter and isobaric distensibility in 18 normotensive offspring of parents with essential hypertension and 18 control subjects under resting conditions and during a 3-minute mental stress test. RESULTS: Baseline arterial distensibility and compliance were comparable in offspring of hypertensive and normotensive parents. During mental stress, blood pressure and heart rate increased similarly in both groups. Adrenergic activation did not alter the elastic properties of the radial artery in the individuals with a genetic predisposition to essential hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: There was no alteration in elastic properties of the radial artery in normotensiven individuals at genetic risk to develop arterial hypertension. Furthermore, mental stress did not abnormally increase the vascular tone of this medium-sized muscular artery in these subjects as compared to controls. This indicates that functional and/or structural vascular alterations do not precede a distinct rise in blood pressure or abnormal blood pressure reactivity in subjects prone to develop essential hypertension.
E Delacrétaz; D Hayoz; D Hutter; Y Allemann
Related Documents :
9545656 - Parental history of hypertension and hostility moderate cardiovascular responses to int...
2848886 - 86rubidium uptake in mononuclear leucocytes from young subjects at increased risk of de...
6663516 - Life events and elevated blood pressure in young men.
8598076 - Increased activation of sympathetic nervous system and endothelin by mental stress in n...
8535536 - Cost-benefit aspects of treatment of hypertension in the elderly.
2658576 - Pathophysiology of gastroesophageal reflux.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and experimental hypertension (New York, N.Y. : 1993)     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1064-1963     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Exp. Hypertens.     Publication Date:  2001 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-11-16     Completed Date:  2002-03-19     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9305929     Medline TA:  Clin Exp Hypertens     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  545-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Swiss Cardiovascular Center Bern, University of Bern.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / physiology
Case-Control Studies
Hypertension / genetics*
Photoplethysmography / methods
Radial Artery / physiology*,  ultrasonography
Stress, Psychological / physiopathology*
Ultrasonography / methods

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Effects of NG-nitro-L-arginine on the blood pressure of spontaneously hypertensive rats with differe...
Next Document:  Spinal nicotinic receptor activity in a genetic model of hypertension.