Document Detail


Racial and ethnic disparities in infant mortality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21798401     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Racial and ethnic disparities in infant mortality in the United States seem to defy all attempts at elimination. Despite national priorities to eliminate these disparities, black infants are 2.5 times more likely to die in infancy compared with non-Hispanic white infants. This disparity is largely related to the greater incidence among black infants of prematurity and low birth weight, congenital malformations, sudden infant death syndrome, and unintentional injuries. This greater incidence, in turn, is related to a complex interaction of behavioral, social, political, genetic, medical, and health care access factors. Thus, to influence the persistent racial disparity in infant mortality, a highly integrated approach is needed, with interventions adapted along a continuum from childhood through the periods of young adulthood, pregnancy, postpartum and beyond. The content and methodologies of these interventions need to be adapted to the underlying behaviors, social influences, and technology and access issues they are meant to address.
Authors:
Fern R Hauck; Kawai O Tanabe; Rachel Y Moon
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in perinatology     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1558-075X     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin. Perinatol.     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801132     Medline TA:  Semin Perinatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  209-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Family Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA; Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA.
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