Document Detail

Racial and ethnic disparities in infant and maternal mortality.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16774028     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Despite marked improvements in lowering infant and maternal mortality rates, certain racial and ethnic groups have benefited less. The reasons for these inequalities are many and complex. This article reviews the literature to assess the extent and reasons for the disparate outcomes in infant and maternal mortality rates among different racial and ethnic groups in the United States. Some strategies aimed at reducing these disparities are also highlighted. A systematic search of OVID-MEDLINE (1970-2005) electronic databases was conducted. This review, which contains data mostly on Black/White disparities, suggests that infant and maternal mortality rates differ among racial and ethnic groups. Potential strategies to ameliorate these differences include continued funding for community health centers, equitable and timely access to health care, and training of more minority physicians. In addition, continued research on the role of stress in preterm delivery among some minority women is important in any effort to lower these disparities.
Ngozi F Anachebe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Ethnicity & disease     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1049-510X     ISO Abbreviation:  Ethn Dis     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-06-15     Completed Date:  2006-11-09     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9109034     Medline TA:  Ethn Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S3-71-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Morehouse School of Medicine, Department of OB/GYN, 720 Westview Drive, Atlanta, GA 30310, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Americans / statistics & numerical data*
European Continental Ancestry Group / statistics & numerical data*
Infant Mortality / trends*
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Mortality / trends*
Pregnancy Outcome / ethnology*
Risk Factors
United States / epidemiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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