Document Detail

Racial and ethnic disparities in United States: stillbirth rates: trends, risk factors, and research needs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21798402     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
As with most adverse health outcomes, there has been long standing and persistent racial and ethnic disparity for stillbirth in the United States. In 2005, the stillbirth rate (fetal deaths ≥20 weeks' gestation per 1000 fetal deaths and live births) for non-Hispanic blacks was 11.13 compared with 4.79 for non-Hispanic whites. Rates were intermediate for American Indian or Alaska Natives (6.17) and Hispanics (5.44). There is racial disparity for both early (<28 weeks' gestation) and late stillbirths. We review available data regarding risk factors for stillbirth with a focus on those factors that are more prevalent in certain racial/ethnic groups and those factors that appear to have a more profound effect in certain racial/ethnic groups. Although many factors, including genetics, environment, stress, social issues, access to and quality of medical care and behavior, contribute to racial disparity in stillbirth, the reasons for the disparity remain unclear. Knowledge gaps and recommendations for further research and interventions intended to reduce racial disparity in stillbirth are highlighted.
Carol J Rowland Hogue; Robert M Silver
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Seminars in perinatology     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1558-075X     ISO Abbreviation:  Semin. Perinatol.     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-07-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7801132     Medline TA:  Semin Perinatol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  221-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Terry Professor of Maternal and Child Health, Professor of Epidemiology, Director, Women's and Children's Center, Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA.
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