Document Detail

Racial differences in correlates of misreporting of energy intake in adolescent females.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16493134     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the extent of misreporting of energy intake (EI) and its anthropometric, demographic, and psychosocial correlates in a bi-racial cohort of young women. RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: This was a cross-sectional study of 60 black and 60 white young women, 18 to 21 years old, enrolled in a longitudinal study. Total energy expenditure was assessed using doubly labeled water. Self-reported EI was obtained from 3-day food records. BMI was computed from height and weight. Fat mass was assessed by DXA. Multivariate analyses examined racial differences on the extent of misreporting and its effect on other potential correlates of misreporting. Race-specific step-wise linear regression analysis was performed to examine the effect of BMI, parental education, and drive for thinness on misreporting of EI. RESULTS: More white women tended to under-report EI than black women (22% vs. 13%, p = 0.07). In black women, under-reporting was significantly (p = 0.01) associated with drive for thinness score but was only marginally (p = 0.1) associated with BMI. Each point increase in drive for thinness score was associated with under-reporting by 40 kcal/d. In white women, under-reporting was significantly (p = 0.03) associated with higher parental education by 440 kcal/d and also only marginally (p = 0.09) with BMI. DISCUSSION: This tendency for under-reporting of EI limits the use of self-reported EI in studying energy balance in free-living subjects. Most black and almost all white women in their late teens significantly under-reported their EI, whereas under-reporting was not as evident among lean young black women.
Sue Y S Kimm; Nancy W Glynn; Eva Obarzanek; Christopher E Aston; Stephen R Daniels
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1930-7381     ISO Abbreviation:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Publication Date:  2006 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-02-22     Completed Date:  2006-08-08     Revised Date:  2008-01-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264860     Medline TA:  Obesity (Silver Spring)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  156-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Family Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pennsylvania, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Absorptiometry, Photon
African Continental Ancestry Group*
Body Composition / physiology
Body Mass Index
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet Records
Energy Intake / physiology*
Energy Metabolism
European Continental Ancestry Group*
Linear Models
Longitudinal Studies
Multivariate Analysis
Obesity / ethnology*,  etiology,  psychology
Self Disclosure*
Thinness / ethnology,  psychology
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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