Document Detail

Racial Differences in the Association of Insulin Resistance With Stroke Risk: The REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24968932     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Insulin resistance is associated with increased stroke risk, but the effect has not been adequately examined separately in white and black populations.
METHODS: The association of baseline insulin resistance with risk of cerebral infarction (CI) and intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) was assessed in 12 366 white and 6782 black participants from the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort, recruited between 2003 and 2007 and followed for an average of 5.7 years. Insulin resistance was measured with the homeostasis model assessment-insulin resistance.
RESULTS: There were 364 incident CI and 41 incident ICH events. The risk for CI increased with the log of insulin resistance in whites (hazards ratio [HR]ln(IR)=1.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.00-1.38) but was largely attenuated by adjustment for stroke risk factors (HRln(IR)=1.05; 95% CI, 0.88-1.26). There was no association in blacks (HRln(IR)=1.01; 95% CI, 0.81-1.25). After adjustment for demographic factors and risk factors, there was a significant difference by race in the association of insulin resistance with risk of ICH (P=0.07), with a decrease in the risk of ICH in whites (HRln(IR)=0.61; 95% CI, 0.35-1.04) but a nonsignificant increase in blacks (HRln(IR)=1.20; 95% CI, 0.60-2.39).
CONCLUSIONS: These data support the growing evidence that insulin resistance may play a more important role in stroke risk among white than black individuals and suggest a potentially discordant relationship of insulin resistance on CI and ICH among whites.
George Howard; Lynne E Wagenknecht; Walter N Kernan; Mary Cushman; Evan L Thacker; Suzanne E Judd; Virginia J Howard; Brett M Kissela
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Stroke; a journal of cerebral circulation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1524-4628     ISO Abbreviation:  Stroke     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-6-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0235266     Medline TA:  Stroke     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.
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