Document Detail


Race and food store availability in an inner-city neighbourhood.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17935646     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research has shown that disparities in resources, including food stores, exist at the neighbourhood level and the greatest disparities are seen in minority neighbourhoods, the same neighbourhoods at increased risk of obesity and diabetes. Less is known about whether differences in availability of resources by African American or Latino race/ethnicity exist within a single minority community. OBJECTIVE: The present study examined whether census blocks either 75% African American (AA) or 75% Latino (L) are associated with food store availability, as compared with racially mixed (RM) census blocks, in East Harlem, New York. DESIGN/METHODS: A cross-sectional study utilising a walking survey of East Harlem was performed. Food stores were classified into: supermarkets, grocery stores, convenience stores, specialty stores, full-service restaurants and fast-food stores. RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-five East Harlem census blocks were examined; 17 were AA, 34 were L and 114 were RM. Of AA census blocks, 100% had neither supermarkets nor grocery stores. AA census blocks were less likely to have convenience stores (prevalence ratio (PR) = 0.25, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.07-0.86) compared with RM census blocks. In contrast, predominantly L census blocks were more likely to have convenience stores (PR = 1.8, 95% CI 1.20-2.70), specialty food stores (PR = 3.74, 95% CI 2.06-7.15), full-service restaurants (PR = 1.87, 95% CI 1.04-3.38) and fast-food restaurants (PR = 2.14, 95% CI 1.33-3.44) compared with RM census blocks. CONCLUSIONS: We found that inequities in food store availability exist by race/ethnicity in East Harlem, New York. This has implications for racial/ethnic differences in dietary quality, obesity and obesity-related disorders.
Authors:
Maida P Galvez; Kimberly Morland; Cherita Raines; Jessica Kobil; Jodi Siskind; James Godbold; Barbara Brenner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2007-10-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1368-9800     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2008 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-05-16     Completed Date:  2008-09-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  624-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY 10029, USA. maida.galvez@mssm.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
African Americans / statistics & numerical data*
Commerce / economics,  statistics & numerical data*
Confidence Intervals
Cross-Sectional Studies
Ethnic Groups / statistics & numerical data*
Food Supply / economics,  statistics & numerical data*
Hispanic Americans / statistics & numerical data*
Humans
New York
Odds Ratio
Restaurants / economics,  statistics & numerical data
Social Class
Socioeconomic Factors
Urban Population / statistics & numerical data
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
2P01ES009584/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; R25ES14315/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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