Document Detail


Race, ethnicity, and nativity differentials in pregnancy-related mortality in the United States: 1993-2006.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22825083     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: : To compare trends in and causes of pregnancy-related mortality by race, ethnicity, and nativity from 1993 to 2006.
METHODS: : We used data from the Pregnancy Mortality Surveillance System. For each race, ethnicity, and nativity group, we calculated pregnancy-related mortality ratios and assessed causes of pregnancy-related death and the time between the end of pregnancy and death.
RESULTS: : Race, ethnicity, and nativity-related minority women contributed 40.7% of all U.S. live births but 61.8% of the 7,487 pregnancy-related deaths during 1993-2006. Pregnancy-related mortality ratios were 9.1 and 7.5 deaths per 100,000 live births among U.S.- and foreign-born white women, respectively, and slightly higher at 9.6 and 11.6 deaths per 100,000 live births for U.S.- and foreign-born Hispanic women, respectively. Relative to U.S.-born white women, age-standardized pregnancy-related mortality ratios were 5.2 and 3.6 times higher among U.S.- and foreign-born black women, respectively. However, causes and timing of death within 42 days postpartum were similar for U.S.-born white and black women with cardiovascular disease, cardiomyopathy, and other pre-existing medical conditions emerging as chief contributors to mortality. Hypertensive disorders, hemorrhage, and embolism were the most important causes of pregnancy-related death for all other groups of women.
CONCLUSION: : Except for foreign-born white women, all other race, ethnicity, and nativity groups were at higher risk of dying from pregnancy-related causes than U.S.-born white women after adjusting for age differences. Integration of quality-of-care aspects into hospital- and state-based maternal death reviews may help identify race, ethnicity, and nativity-specific factors for pregnancy-related mortality.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: : III.
Authors:
Andreea A Creanga; Cynthia J Berg; Carla Syverson; Kristi Seed; F Carol Bruce; William M Callaghan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  120     ISSN:  1873-233X     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  261-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
From the Division of Reproductive Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
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