Document Detail

RV Dysfunction In Pulmonary Hypertension Is Independently Related To Pulmonary Artery Stiffness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22498327     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether right ventricular (RV) adaptation to chronic pressure overload is associated with pulmonary artery (PA) stiffness beyond the degree of severity of pulmonary hypertension (PH).
BACKGROUND: Increased PA stiffness has been associated with reduced survival in PH. The mechanisms for this association remain unclear.
METHODS: Right heart catheterization and cardiac magnetic resonance were performed within 1 week in 124 patients with known or suspected chronic PH. Pulmonary vascular resistance index (PVRI) and PA pressures were quantified from right heart catheterization. Cardiac magnetic resonance included standard biventricular cine sequences and main PA flow quantification with phase-contrast imaging. Indexes of PA stiffness (elasticity, distensibility, capacitance, stiffness index beta, and pulse pressure) were quantified combining right heart catheterization and cardiac magnetic resonance data. RV performance and adaptation were measured by RV ejection fraction, right ventricular mass index (RVMI), RV end-systolic volume index, and right ventricular stroke work index (RVSWI).
RESULTS: All indexes of PA stiffness were significantly correlated with measures of RV performance (Spearman rho coefficients ranging from -0.20 to 0.61, p < 0.05). Using multivariate regression analysis, PA elasticity, distensibility, and index beta were independently associated with all measures of RV performance after adjusting PVRI (p ≤ 0.024). PA capacitance was independently associated with RV ejection fraction, RVMI, and RVSWI (p < 0.05), whereas PA pulse pressure was associated with RVMI and RVSWI (p ≤ 0.027). Compared with PVRI, PA elasticity, distensibility, capacitance, and index beta explained 15% to 68% of the variability in RV ejection fraction, RVMI, and RV end-systolic volume index. Relative contributions of PA stiffness for RVSWI were 1.2× to 18.0× higher than those of PVRI.
CONCLUSIONS: PA stiffness is independently associated with the degree of RV dysfunction, dilation, and hypertrophy in PH. RV adaptation to chronic pressure overload is related not only to the levels of vascular resistance (steady afterload), but also to PA stiffness (pulsatile load).
Gerin R Stevens; Ana Garcia-Alvarez; Sheila Sahni; Mario J Garcia; Valentin Fuster; Javier Sanz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  JACC. Cardiovascular imaging     Volume:  5     ISSN:  1876-7591     ISO Abbreviation:  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101467978     Medline TA:  JACC Cardiovasc Imaging     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  378-87     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Montefiore-Einstein Center for Heart and Vascular Care, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, New York, New York.
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