Document Detail

RCT comparing implants with turned and anodically oxidized surfaces: A pilot study, a 3-year follow-up.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23151294     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
AIM: This 3-year prospective randomized controlled trial compared the clinical, microbiological and biochemical outcome of minimally (Turned, Tur) and moderately rough (TiUnite(®) , TiU) implant surfaces in a split-mouth design.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population included 14 subjects: nine fully edentulous and five partially edentulous subjects with a history of periodontitis. Implants (n = 78, 39 Tur and 39 TiU) were installed randomly in each patient. Peri-implant clinical parameters and intra-oral radiographs were recorded after 3 years of loading. Subgingival plaque and peri-implant crevicular fluid samples were collected and analysed using culture and quantitative polymerase chain reaction for the biofilm, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the concentration of osteoprotegerin and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand, respectively.
RESULTS: No statistically significant differences in clinical, microbiological and biochemical parameters could be observed when comparing the Tur and TiU implant surfaces.
CONCLUSION: After 3 years of loading, in periodontitis susceptible patients, the moderately rough, TiU implants demonstrated a similar clinical outcome compared with the smoother, turned implants. Longer follow-up and studies using different implant types are needed to confirm the statement that minimally and moderately rough implant surfaces perform similar, both from a clinical and from a microbiological point of view.
Elena A Nicu; Nele Van Assche; Wim Coucke; Wim Teughels; Marc Quirynen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical periodontology     Volume:  39     ISSN:  1600-051X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Periodontol.     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425123     Medline TA:  J Clin Periodontol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1183-90     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Department of Periodontology, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
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