Document Detail

RBE of 𝛂-particles from (211)At for complex DNA damage and cell survival in relation to cell cycle positio.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21171940     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Purpose: To investigate cell cycle effects and relative biological effectiveness (RBE) of α-particles from the clinically relevant radionuclide Astatine-211 ((211)At), using X-rays as reference radiation. Double-strand breaks (DSB), non-DSB clusters containing oxidised purines and clonogenic survival were investigated. Materials and methods: Asynchronous V79-379A fibroblasts or cells synchronised with mimosine in G1, early, mid and late S phase or in mitosis were irradiated with X-rays (100 kV(p)) or (211)At (mean linear energy transfer (LET) 110 keV/μm). Induction of DSB and clusters was determined using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis with fragment analysis. Cell survival was obtained with the clonogenic assay. Results: In asynchronous cells RBE for DSB- and cluster-induction was 3.5 and 0.59, respectively. RBE for 37% cell survival was 8.6. In different cell cycle phases RBE varied from 1.8-3.9 for DSB and 3.1-7.9 for 37% survival (survival at 2 Gy was 6.9-38 times lower after α-irradiation). (211)At induced 6 times more DSB and X-rays induced 11 times more DSB in mitotic cells with highly compacted chromatin relative G1. Conclusions: The radio-response is cell cycle dependent and differs between proliferating and non-cycling cells for both low- and high-LET radiation, resulting in a variation in RBE of α-particles between 1.8 and 8.6.
Kristina Claesson; Karin Magnander; Helena Kahu; Sture Lindegren; Ragnar Hultborn; Kecke Elmroth
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2010-12-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of radiation biology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1362-3095     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809243     Medline TA:  Int J Radiat Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Oncology.
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