Document Detail

QuikClot Combat Gauze use for hemorrhage control in military trauma: January 2009 Israel Defense Force experience in the Gaza Strip--a preliminary report of 14 cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21181695     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Standard gauze field dressings and direct pressure occasionally are inadequate for the control of hemorrhage. QuikClot® Combat Gauze™ (QCG) combines surgical gauze with an inorganic material and is approved by the Food and Drug Administration and by the Israeli Standards Institute for external hemorrhage control. The purpose of this article is to report clinical use of this dressing during Operation Cast Lead in the Gaza strip during January 2009.
METHODS: QuikClot Combat Gauze and the QCG guidelines were issued to advanced life support (ALS) providers during the preparations for the Operation. All cases of injuries involving hemorrhage were reviewed, as well as interviews with the ALS providers (physicians and paramedics) and injured soldiers.
RESULTS: Fourteen uses of QCG were reported and reviewed (out of a total of 56 hemostatic interventions in 35 cases). Dressings were applied to injuries to the head, neck, axilla, buttocks, abdomen, back, and pelvis in 10 cases, and to extremities in four cases. In 13 cases (93%), injuries were caused by blast or gunshot mechanisms. The success rate was reported as 79% (11/14). Failure to control hemorrhage was reported in three cases in three different locations: neck, buttock, and thigh. All failures were attributed to severe soft tissue and vascular injuries. No complications or adverse events were reported.
CONCLUSIONS: This report on the clinical field use of the QCG dressing by ALS providers suggests that it is an effective and safe product, and applicable for prehospital treatment of combat casualties. This report further suggests that QCG should be issued to medics as well as ALS providers. Larger clinical investigations are needed to confirm these findings.
Yuval Ran; Eran Hadad; Saleh Daher; Ori Ganor; Jonathan Kohn; Yana Yegorov; Carmi Bartal; Nachman Ash; Gil Hirschhorn
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Prehospital and disaster medicine     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1049-023X     ISO Abbreviation:  Prehosp Disaster Med     Publication Date:    2010 Nov-Dec
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-24     Completed Date:  2011-03-08     Revised Date:  2012-08-08    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8918173     Medline TA:  Prehosp Disaster Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  584-8     Citation Subset:  T    
Israel Defense Forces, Petach Tiqwa, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Hemorrhage / therapy*
Hemostatics / administration & dosage*
Kaolin / administration & dosage
Military Personnel*
Wounds and Injuries / therapy*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Hemostatics; 1332-58-7/Kaolin
Comment In:
Prehosp Disaster Med. 2012 Apr;27(2):217   [PMID:  22588520 ]
Prehosp Disaster Med. 2011 Jun;26(3):237   [PMID:  22107778 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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