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Quantitative myocardial perfusion analysis using multi-row detector CT in acute myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22285970     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
ObjectiveTo assess the feasibility of quantitative myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI), using multi-row detector CT (MDCT) with a model-based deconvolution method.Design, setting, patients and interventionsFifteen normal subjects with normal coronary arteries and 26 patients with AMI after reperfusion therapy underwent MPI with MDCT. Perfusion parameters: tissue blood flow (TBF), tissue blood volume (TBV) and mean transit time (MTT) were obtained and compared with clinical parameters, angiography and single-photon emission CT (SPECT) data. Furthermore, the MPI data were compared with data from myocardial magnetic resonance (MR) in 10 subjects.ResultsThe TBF and TBV of infarcted myocardium were significantly lower than those of non-infarcted areas (TBF, 51.96±19.42 vs 108.84±13.29 ml/100 g/min, p<0.01; TBV, 4.47±2.23 vs 9.79±2.58 ml/100 g, p<0.01). The MTT of infarcted areas did not differ from that of non-infarcted areas. The defect areas on TBV colour maps were significantly associated with peak creatine kinase level, QRS score and SPECT defect score. The ratio of TBF or TBV in the epicardial to endocardial side was significantly higher in infarct myocardium with good collateral circulation than in myocardium with poor/no collateral circulation (p<0.01 for both). The TBF measurements with CT- and MR-MPI were in good agreement by linear regression analysis (R=0.55, p<0.01).ConclusionsThis study demonstrated that MDCT perfusion imaging with deconvolution analysis could quantitatively detect myocardial perfusion abnormalities in patients with AMI and may provide the basis for the non-invasive and quantitative assessment of myocardial infarction.
Authors:
Yoshifumi Nakauchi; Yoshitaka Iwanaga; Shinichiro Ikuta; Masayuki Kudo; Kazuhiro Kobuke; Takamichi Murakami; Shunichi Miyazaki
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart (British Cardiac Society)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1468-201X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9602087     Medline TA:  Heart     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine, Kinki University Faculty of Medicine, Osakasayama, Japan.
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